PRE-BIRTH PARENTAGE ORDERS
Do courts grant pre-birth parentage orders? No. Under Section 14-2-811 of Wyoming law, a proceeding to determine parentage of a child may be commenced before parentage, but a final order may not be issued until after the child’s birth.
POST-BIRTH PARENTAGE ORDERS
Can both Intended Parents be declared the legal parents in a post-birth court order if at least one parent is genetically related to the child?
- Married heterosexual couple using own egg and own sperm: Yes.
- Married heterosexual couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes.
- Unmarried heterosexual couple using own egg and own sperm: Yes, Wyoming law provides that there shall be no discrimination based on marital status. In practice, it may be easier to get a court order if the intended parents are married.
- Unmarried heterosexual couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes, theoretically, but easier if married.
- Same-sex couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes (and easier if married).
- Single parent using own egg or sperm: Yes
Can both Intended Parents be declared the legal parents in a post-birth court order if no parent is genetically related to the child?
- Married heterosexual couple: Yes, theoretically.
- Unmarried heterosexual couple: Yes, theoretically; easier if they are married.
- Same-sex couple: Yes, theoretically (and easier if married).
- Single parent: Same as above.
What are the bases for venue? County of the Gestational Carrier’s residence.
Do results vary by venue? Possibly.
If yes, are motions to waive venue accepted? Unknown.
Is a hearing required to obtain a parentage order? Not so far.
Is a parentage order possible in Wyoming based on a Gestational Carrier’s plan to deliver in Wyoming, if no party lives in Wyoming? No, because venue is based on the Gestational Carrier’s place of residence.
Will Wyoming Vital Records honor a pre-birth order from another state? In theory. Wyoming’s courts will honor a court order from another state.
What is the typical time frame to obtain a birth certificate after delivery? Approximately 2-4 weeks.
SAME SEX COUPLE
How are same-sex parents named on the final birth certificate? Mother/Parent and Father/Parent
Can an international same-sex male couple obtain an initial birth certificate naming only the biological father? Yes
Alternatively, can an international same-sex male couple obtain an initial birth certificate naming the biological father and Gestational Carrier? Yes
Can they subsequently obtain a birth certificate naming both fathers, with no mention of the Gestational Carrier? Yes
Can the non-biological father subsequently obtain a second parent adoption based solely on the fact that the child was born in Wisconsin (i.e., neither of the Intended Fathers lives in Wisconsin)? No, jurisdiction is based on the non-biological or adoptive parent’s residence.
If no, will Wisconsin Vital Records honor a second parent adoption order from another state and add the second parent to the birth certificate? Yes
SECOND PARENT & STEPPARENT ADOPTIONS FOR WYOMING RESIDENTS
Note: This situation typically arises if the child is born outside of the state. The parents then return to Wisconsin to obtain a second parent adoption or stepparent adoption in Wisconsin.
Will courts in Wisconsin grant second-parent adoptions or stepparent adoptions to heterosexual couples residing in Wisconsin? Yes
Will courts in Wisconsin grant second-parent adoptions or stepparent adoptions to same-sex couples who live in Wisconsin? Yes
Does the couple need to be married? No, marriage is not a requirement, but it makes it easier in practice.
EGG AND SPERM DONATION
Is there a statute or published case law that addresses the rights of a donor over the resulting eggs, sperm, embryo or child? Yes, WY Stat § 14-2-902 states, “A donor is not a parent of a child conceived by means of assisted reproduction.” The statute does not distinguish between egg donors and sperm donors.
TRADITIONAL SURROGACY IN WYOMING
The statute cited above does not distinguish between Traditional Surrogacy and Gestational Surrogacy, so Traditional Surrogacy is neither authorized nor prohibited in Wyoming. However, a Traditional Surrogate is also a birth mother and in Wyoming a birth mother cannot consent to terminate her birth rights until after the child’s birth.
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