GESTATIONAL SURROGACY IN RHODE ISLAND
Rhode Island law permits Gestational Surrogacy under the amended Uniform Parentage Act, which took effect on January 1, 2021. The statue only applies if one intended parent is a resident of the United States.
PRE-BIRTH PARENTAGE ORDERS
Do courts grant pre-birth parentage orders? Yes, but only at least one Intended Parent must be a US resident.
Can both Intended Parents be declared the legal parents in a pre-birth order if at least one parent is genetically related to the child (and if one Intended Parent resides in the US)?
- Married heterosexual couple using own egg and own sperm: Yes
- Married heterosexual couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes
- Unmarried heterosexual couple using own egg and own sperm: Yes
- Unmarried heterosexual couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes
- Same-sex couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes
- Single parent using own egg or sperm: Yes
Can both Intended Parents be declared the legal parents in a pre-birth order if no parent is genetically related to the child (and if one Intended Parent resides in the US)?
- Married heterosexual couple: Yes
- Unmarried heterosexual couple: Yes
- Same-sex couple: Yes
- Single parent: Yes
What are the bases for venue? The county of the Gestational Carrier’s residence, the county of the Intended Parents’ residence, or the county where the child will be (or was) born.
Do results vary by venue? No.
Is a hearing required to obtain a pre-birth order? Yes, but only the Gestational Carrier must attend.
Is a pre-birth order possible in Rhode Island based on a Gestational Carrier’s plan to deliver in Rhode Island, if no party lives in Rhode Island? Yes, so long as one Intended Parent is a US resident.
Will Rhode Island Vital Records honor a pre-birth order from another state? Yes, Section 15-8.1-115 requires the state to give full faith and credit to a determination of parentage from another state.
What is the typical time frame to obtain a birth certificate after delivery? 10 days
How are same-sex parents named on the final birth certificate? Parent and Parent
Can an international same-sex male couple obtain an initial birth certificate naming the biological father and Gestational Carrier?No, parentage orders require at least one Intended Parent to be a US resident. Moreover, even if one Intended Parent is a US resident, per Rhode Island law, it is not possible to name the Gestational Carrier as a parent on the birth certificate.
Alternatively, can they obtain an initial birth certificate naming only the biological father? Yes, if that parent is a US resident.
Can they subsequently obtain a birth certificate naming both fathers? Yes, if one intended parent is a US resident.
Can the non-biological parent in a same-sex couple obtain a second parent adoption based solely on the fact that the child was born in Rhode Island (i.e., neither of the Intended Parents lives in Rhode Island)? No
If no, will Rhode Island Vital Records honor a second parent adoption order from another state and add the second parent to the birth certificate? Yes
SECOND PARENT & STEPPARENT ADOPTIONS FOR RHODE ISLAND RESIDENTS
Note: This situation typically arises if the child is born outside of the state. The parents (RI residents) then return to Rhode Island to obtain a second parent adoption or stepparent adoption in Rhode Island.
Will courts in Rhode Island grant second parent adoptions or stepparent adoptions to heterosexual couples living in Rhode Island? Yes
Does the couple need to be married? No
Will courts in Rhode Island grant second parent adoptions or stepparent adoptions to same-sex couples living in Rhode Island? Yes
Does the couple need to be married? No
EGG, SPERM, & EMBRYO DONATION
Is there a statute or published case law that addresses the rights of a donor over the resulting eggs, sperm, embryo or child?Yes, Sec. 15-8.1-702 specifies that a “donor is not a parent of a child conceived through assisted reproduction,” unless the donor intends to parent the child.
TRADITIONAL SURROGACY IN RHODE ISLAND
Rhode Island law permits Traditional Surrogacy only if the surrogate is the Intended Parents’ family member and the surrogacy arrangement and agreement otherwise meets all requirements specified in Article 8 of the Uniform Parentage Act (including the requirement that one of the Intended Parents resides in the US).
State law information provided by the following attorneys practicing Reproductive Law in this state:
This is a copyrighted document and therefore protected by the copyright laws of the United States. Violation of these laws is a punishable offense under the US Copyright laws and, depending on the method of transmission, under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. Any retransmission or use of this document or any map herein is expressly prohibited without prior and express authorization of Creative Family Connections LLC.
Creative Family Connections LLC is not providing legal advice to users of this website, nor does use of any of the maps or summaries on this website constitute or create any attorney-client relationship between Creative Family Connections LLC and users of this site.
This website is not intended to substitute for consulting with legal counsel in the appropriate local jurisdiction. Creative Family Connections makes no warranties that the information on this site is current, accurate, or that favorable results that have been obtained in prior cases will be obtained in future cases.