GESTATIONAL SURROGACY IN OREGON
Gestational Surrogacy is permitted because no statute or published case law prohibits it.
PRE-BIRTH PARENTAGE ORDERS
Do courts grant pre-birth parentage orders? Yes
Can both Intended Parents be declared the legal parents in a pre-birth order if at least one parent is genetically related to the child?
- Married heterosexual couple using own egg and own sperm: Yes
- Married heterosexual couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes
- Unmarried heterosexual couple using own egg and own sperm: Yes
- Unmarried heterosexual couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes
- Same-sex couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes
- Single parent using own egg or sperm: Yes, under some circumstances
Can both Intended Parents be declared the legal parents in a pre-birth order if no parent is genetically related to the child?
- Married heterosexual couple: Probably yes
- Unmarried heterosexual couple: Probably yes
- Same-sex couple: Probably
- Single parent: Probably
What are the bases for venue? For pre-birth orders, there is no specific venue requirement. The parties consent to and waive any objection to venue. For adoption, there is a statutory venue requirement: Venue lies in the county in Oregon with which the child has the most significant connection.
Do results vary by venue? Possibly for pre-birth orders
Are motions for venue accepted? Motions for venue are not necessary for pre-birth orders, because the parties can consent, or waive any objections, to venue.
Is a hearing required to obtain a pre-birth order? No. The pre-birth order documents are filed with the court electronically and no personal appearance by any party or attorney is required.
Is a pre-birth order possible in Oregon based on a Gestational Carrier’s plan to deliver in Oregon, if no party lives in Oregon? Possibly, but uncertain.
Will Oregon Vital Records honor a pre-birth order from another state? Yes
Will Vital Records honor a second parent adoption order from another state and add the second parent to the birth certificate? Yes
What is the typical time frame to obtain a birth certificate after delivery? Varies from several days to several weeks, depending on the steps taken by the attorney and the need for rush processing.
SAME SEX COUPLE
How are same-sex parents named on the final birth certificate? Parent 1 and Parent 2
Can an international same-sex male couple obtain an initial birth certificate naming the biological father and Gestational Carrier? Possibly, under some circumstances, depending on the facts of the case. An attorney should be consulted prior to proceeding if this kind of birth certificate is necessary.
Can they subsequently obtain a birth certificate naming only the biological father and/or both fathers, with no mention of the Gestational Carrier? Yes with regard to a birth certificate naming both fathers. With regard to only the biological father, possibly, under some circumstances, depending on the facts of the case. An attorney should be consulted prior to proceeding if this kind of birth certificate is necessary.
Can the non-biological parent in a same-sex couple obtain a second parent adoption based solely on the fact that the child was born in Oregon (i.e., neither of the Intended Parents lives in Oregon)? Yes, if the consenting Gestational Carrier has resided in Oregon for at least six months at the time the Petition for Adoption is filed.
SECOND PARENT & STEPPARENT ADOPTIONS FOR OREGON RESIDENTS
Note: This situation typically arises if the child is born outside of the state. The parents then return to Oregon to obtain a second parent adoption or stepparent adoption in Oregon.
Will courts in Oregon grant second parent adoptions or stepparent adoptions to heterosexual couples living in Oregon? Yes
Does the couple need to be married? No
Will courts in Oregon grant second parent adoptions or stepparent adoptions to same-sex couples living in Oregon? Yes
Does the couple need to be married? No
EGG AND SPERM DONATION
Is there a statute or published case law that addresses the rights of a donor over the resulting eggs, sperm, embryo or child? ORS 109.239 et seq. only applies to sperm donation absolving the donor of any rights or obligations to the resulting child.
TRADITIONAL SURROGACY IN OREGON
Traditional Surrogacy is permitted because no statute or published case law prohibits it.If the Traditional Surrogate is not married, the biological father can establish paternity by filing a Joint Acknowledgment of Paternity with the Traditional Surrogate. If the Traditional Surrogate is married, it may be necessary to file a paternity proceeding to establish the biological father as the legal father. In either event, a subsequent second parent adoption will be necessary to establish the spouse or partner as the second legal parent.
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