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GESTATIONAL SURROGACY IN VERMONT

Gestational Surrogacy is permitted in Vermont because no statute or published case law prohibits it.


Do courts grant pre-birth parentage orders? No. Only post-birth parentage orders are granted.

POST-BIRTH PARENTAGE ORDERS

Can both Intended Parents be declared the legal parents in a post-birth order if at least one parent is genetically related to the child?

  • Married heterosexual couple using own egg and own sperm: Yes
  • Married heterosexual couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes
  • Unmarried heterosexual couple using own egg and own sperm: Yes
  • Unmarried heterosexual couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes
  • Same-sex couple using an egg donor or sperm donor only: Yes, and it helps if the couple is married.
  • Single parent using own egg or sperm: Yes


Can both Intended Parents be declared the legal parents in a post-birth order if no parent is genetically related to the child?

  • Married heterosexual couple: No
  • Unmarried heterosexual couple: No
  • Same-sex couple: No
  • Single parent: No

 
What are the bases for venue?  County of the child’s birthplace
 
Do results vary by venue?  No
 
Is a hearing required to obtain a post-birth order?  No
 
Will Vermont Vital Records honor a pre-birth order from another state?  Possibly, if a petition to amend the birth certificate is also filed in probate court.
 
What is the typical time frame to obtain a birth certificate after delivery? 2 weeks

Same-Sex Couples

How are same-sex parents named on the birth certificate? Parent and Parent

Can an international same-sex male couple obtain an initial birth certificate naming the biological father and Gestational Carrier?  Yes
 
Can they subsequently obtain a birth certificate naming only the biological father or both fathers, with no mention of the Gestational Carrier?  Yes 
 
Can the non-biological parent in a same-sex couple obtain a second parent adoption based solely on the fact that the child was born in Vermont (i.e., neither of the Intended Parents lives in Vermont)?  No 
 
If no, will Vermont Vital Records honor a second parent adoption order from another state and add the second parent to the birth certificate?
 Likely, if a petition to amend the birth certificate is also filed in probate court.

SECOND PARENT & STEP PPARENT ADOPTIONS FOR VERMONT RESIDENTS

Note: This situation typically arises if the child is born outside of the state. The parents then return to Vermont to obtain a second parent adoption or stepparent adoption in Vermont.

Will courts in Vermont grant second parent adoptions or stepparent adoptions to heterosexual couples living in Vermont?  Yes

Does the couple need to be married? No, but it is helpful because a home study is required for unmarried couples.

 
Will courts in Vermont grant second parent adoptions or stepparent adoptions to same-sex couples living in Vermont?  Yes

Does the couple need to be married?  No, same as heterosexual couples.

EGG AND SPERM DONATION

Is there a statute or published case law that addresses the rights of a donor over the resulting eggs, sperm, embryo or child?  No

TRADITIONAL SURROGACY IN VERMONT

Traditional Surrogacy in Vermont is permitted because no statute or published case law prohibits it. Traditional Surrogacy is treated like an adoption. Most attorneys will not handle Traditional Surrogacy cases.

State law information provided by the following attorneys practicing Reproductive Law in this state:
 
Kurt Hughes
khughes@mhtpc.com
(802)864-9811

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