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GESTATIONAL SURROGACY IN CALIFORNIA

Gestational Surrogacy is permitted by statute, California Family Law Sections 7960 – 7962 (2013), with additional long-standing supporting case law: Johnson v. Calvert (1993), and Buzzanca v. Buzzanca (1998).

Pre-Birth Parentage Orders

Do courts grant pre-birth parentage orders?  Yes, but the pre-birth order does not become effective until the moment of birth under California Family Code Section 7633.


Can both Intended Parents be declared the legal parents in a pre-birth order if at least one parent is genetically related to the child?

  • Married heterosexual couple using own egg and own sperm: Yes
  • Married heterosexual couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes
  • Unmarried heterosexual couple using own egg and own sperm: Yes
  • Unmarried heterosexual couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes
  • Married same-sex couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes
  • Unmarried same-sex couple using an egg donor or sperm donor: Yes
  • Single parent using own egg or sperm: Yes


Can both Intended Parents be declared the legal parents in a pre-birth order if no parent is genetically related to the child?

  • Married heterosexual couple: Yes
  • Unmarried heterosexual couple: Yes
  • Same-sex couple: Yes
  • Single parent: Yes


What are the bases for venue? County of the child’s birthplace, county of the Intended Parent's’residence, county of the Gestational Surrogate’s residence, county where the surrogacy agreement was executed, or county where the medical procedures pursuant to the surrogacy agreement are performed.

Do results vary by venue?  No, but there are procedural variations.

Are motions to waive venue accepted?  No


Is a hearing required to obtain a pre-birth order?  It varies by county, but most counties do not require a hearing.


Is a pre-birth order possible in California based on a Gestational Carrier’s plan to deliver in California, if no party lives in California?  Yes.Under CA Family Code, Section 7962(e), an action may be filed in (1) the county where the child is anticipated to be born, (2) the county where the intended parent or intended parents reside, (3) the county where the surrogate resides, (4) the county where the assisted reproduction agreement for gestational carriers is executed, or (5) the county where medical procedures pursuant to the agreement are to be performed.

Will California Vital Records honor a pre-birth order from another state?
  Yes


What is the typical time frame to obtain a birth certificate after delivery?
  Varies by county, but the typical time frame is 5-10 business days.

Same-Sex Couples

How are same-sex parents named on the final birth certificate? As of 1/1/16, parents can choose father, parent, or mother.
 
Can an international same-sex male couple obtain an initial birth certificate naming the biological father and Gestational Carrier?  Yes
 
Can they subsequently obtain a birth certificate naming only the biological father or both fathers, with no mention of the Gestational Carrier?  Yes
 
Can the non-biological parent in a same-sex couple obtain a second parent adoption based solely on the fact that the child was born in California (i.e., neither of the Intended Parents lives in California)?  Yes, but only if the Gestational Carrier lives in California.

SECOND PARENT & STEPPARENT ADOPTIONS FOR CALIFORNIA RESIDENTS

Note: This situation typically arises if the child is born outside of the state.  The parents then return to California to obtain a second parent adoption or stepparent adoption in California.
 
Will courts in California grant second parent adoptions or stepparent adoptions to heterosexual couples living in California?  Yes
Does the couple need to be married? 
Yes, the couple must either be married or registered domestic partners.
 
Will courts in California grant second parent adoptions or stepparent adoptions to same-sex couples living in California? 
Yes
Does the couple need to be married? 
Yes, the couple must either be married or registered domestic partners.

EGG AND SPERM DONATION

Is there a statute or published case law that addresses the rights of a donor over the resulting eggs, sperm, embryo or child?  Yes.California Family Code 7613 specifies that a sperm donor is not a  parent when sperm is provided during assisted conception.
 
In addition, California Family Code 7630(f) states that any party to an assisted reproduction contract can bring an action to establish a parent-child relationship based on the intent expressed in the contract.
 
If the statute only refers to sperm donors, is there case law interpreting this statute to provide the same protection in the egg donor context?
  Yes, the court’s decision in Buzzanca v. Buzzanca (citation above) makes it clear that neither an egg donor nor a sperm donor are the legal parent.

TRADITIONAL SURROGACY IN CALIFORNIA

Traditional Surrogacy is permitted in California because no statute or published case law prohibits it. The Intended Parent may file a parentage order (pre or post-birth), but it would be at the discretion of the court whether and when to grant it.

State law information provided by the following attorneys practicing Reproductive Law in this state:
 
Stephanie Caballero
Carlsbad, CA
Stephanie@surrogacy-lawyer.com
www.surrogacy-lawyer.com
(760) 438-0558

Michelle Keeyes
San Diego, CA
michelle@rlcsd.com
www.rlcsd.com/keeyes.html
(888) 259-6000

Other attorneys practicing Reproductive Law in this state:

Ellen Trachman
Denver, CO
etrachman@trachmanlawcenter.com
www.trachmanlawcenter.com

Erin C. O’Kane, Esq.
Poway, CA
erinokaneesq@gmail.com
www.lawofficeerinokane.com

Cynthia E. Fruchtman
Santa Monica, CA
cynthia@fruchtmanlaw.com
www.fruchtmanlaw.com

The Law Offices of D. Durand Cook
Culver City, CA
Durand@adoption-option.com
www.adoption-option.com

Kimberly Surratt
Reno, NV; Las Vegas, NV
kim@surrattlaw.com
www.surrattlaw.com
 
Law Offices of Molly O'Brien
Los Angeles, CA
Molly@yourfertilitylawyer.com
www.yourfertilitylawyer.com
 
Law Offices of Stephen C. Zollman
CA
szollman1@gmail.com
www.linkedin.com/in/szollman
 
Rich Vaughn
Los Angeles,CA
Rich@iflg.net
(323) 904-4733

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